READING: Teaching children to read and write independently, as quickly as possible, is one of the core purposes of a primary school. These key skills not only unlock the
rest of the curriculum but also have a huge impact on children’s self-confidence
and future life chances.
“You can find magic wherever you look. Sit back and relax, all you need is a book.” Dr Seuss
The National Curriculum programmes of study for reading are based on the simple view of reading. This model shows that reading consists of two dimensions: language comprehension and word reading. In all our classrooms, from Nursery to Year 6, we prioritise reading to our children because we know that listening to and talking about stories develops children’s vocabulary. Please click The Reading Framework 2021 link at the bottom of the page for further information.
To ensure that our children are able to read and write successfully, we use the programme SoundsWrite to teach phonics. Phonics teaches children that the letters on the page represent the sounds in spoken words. Children’s knowledge of the English alphabetic code – how letters or groups of letters represent the sounds of the language – supports their reading and spelling.
Children will be able to:
For more information, the SoundsWrite link at the bottom of the page provides an introduction to the programme.
Early Reading at Freshfield
Reading is one of the most important lifelong skills that children will begin to develop while they are in our nursery. We actively teach the skills needed for children to become good readers using a range of activities, strategies and resources. First and foremost, we aim to instil a love of reading in our children. We do this by sharing carefully selected stories with the children every day. As well as reading to the children, we encourage them to share books with their friends. Our Nursery classroom has an inviting book corner where children can choose their own books to look at or share.
Before children begin matching letters to sounds in phonics sessions, we teach our children about sounds around them so that they can spot the differences and differentiate between many sounds. In these sessions we also teach children about the rhythm in words, about rhyme and alliteration. Children will learn and join in with many songs, jingles and rhymes while they are with us. They will develop their own repertoire of Nursery rhymes and Maths rhymes to help them learn skills to help them read. When the children are ready, we start the next stage of our phonics programme by teaching the children the letters of the alphabet and their corresponding sound.
In Reception, learning to read becomes an essential part of the children’s daily routine. Within a group, children are taught the initial sounds of the alphabet. Sounds are associated with familiar words, for example a for apple, to help children to grasp the letter-sound correspondences quickly. Children are also taught to read common exception words e.g. the or he. Once our children have mastered these sounds and have started to build-up a bank of words they can read on sight, they progress to learning the more complex sounds. As their confidence and fluency grows, the children read texts with increasingly more complex sounds and graphemes (different ways of spelling the sounds, e.g. /igh/, /ie/ or /ay/, /ai/). They learn that a sound can be written using 2 or 3 or even 4 letters. We call this a grapheme (e.g. igh represent the /i/ sound in the word night).
Once our children have mastered the skill of sounding out and blending, they start reading stories and texts that have words made up of the sounds they know. This means that they can embed and apply their phonic knowledge and start to build their reading fluency. At the same time, we teach them to write the sounds and use this knowledge to spell, leading to writing short sentences. During their phonic lessons, children read lively phonics books which are closely matched to their increasing knowledge of sounds so that they experience success in reading. Alongside their phonics lessons, we continue to immerse children in high-quality texts which are read aloud to the children every day. We use story-maps as a way of encouraging children to learn these narratives off by heart so that they can retell them with confidence. Children are encouraged to select their own books to read which are on display in the book corner. All around the Reception classroom, we have text asking children questions, making statements and giving information. These purposeful texts help children to read for meaning and understand that writing has a purpose. As your child acquires the skills of blending sounds into words and develop a sight vocabulary, they begin the school’s decodable reading scheme. At Freshfield Primary school we use Dandelion Readers, which is an age appropriate scheme that follows the same systematic approach to the sounds taught within the phonics lessons. Children will read books which match sounds that have been taught and the sounds they now know.
Please click the ‘how to say sounds’ link at the bottom of the page for a pronunciation guide.
Key Stage 1
As the children progress into Key Stage 1, they continue to develop and consolidate their growing knowledge of sounds or phonemes and their associated graphemes. Within a group, children are taught sounds in a lively and engaging lesson. They continue to read decodable texts which contain the sounds they know so that they can read with increasing fluency. As children progress through the phonics scheme and books, our experienced teachers will make a judgement as to whether a child is confident enough to receive a colour banded book alongside their phonics reader to offer challenge and variety. The varied individual reading scheme ensures a richness of books for age, ability and interest. Alongside their reading books, each week children will be offered to choose a text from our vast range of library books. The aim of this is to offer children an alternative opportunity to expand their knowledge and explore their interests within a variety of texts. Alongside this it will encourage family reading which will develop children’s understanding of language and vocabulary and above all instill a love of reading.
Children in the Foundation Stage and Key Stage One will have regular 1:1 reading sessions which focus on building fluency, pace and word decoding. Through whole class sessions, linked to our Literacy texts, we encourage ‘book talk’. During these sessions, children will focus on gaining knowledge as well as learning the specific skills that will help them to read and understand a range of texts (Vocabulary, Inference, Prediction, Explain, Retrieve and Sequence). They develop their skills by reading and examining challenging texts in small groups appropriate to their reading ability.
How can parents and carers help at home?
There is much you can do to support your child at home.
Please click the ‘how can I help at home’ link below for some further ideas.