ENGLISH: At Freshfield, we bring these aims to life by putting literacy skills at the heart of
“When I read great literature, great drama, speeches or sermons, I feel that the human mind has not achieved anything greater than the ability to share feelings and thoughts through language.” James Earl Jones
The overarching aim for English in the national curriculum is to promote high standards of language and literacy by equipping pupils with a strong command of the spoken and written word, and to develop their love of literature through widespread reading for enjoyment. At Freshfield, we bring these aims to life by putting literacy skills at the heart of our curriculum. We want our children to become fluent speakers, avid readers and confident writers. Our children are empowered by a high-quality English curriculum that teaches our children to speak and write fluently so that they can communicate their ideas and emotions to others and through their reading and listening, others can communicate with them.
How do we teach reading?
Once the pupils have secured their phonic skills and have learned to read independently, they progress onto our whole class reading curriculum. From Year 3 to Year 6, each class has Reading Spines of carefully chosen quality texts linked to that year groups curriculum. Texts are used to stimulate thought and language and extend knowledge acquired through other subjects such as science and the humanities. This selection includes a range of fiction, non-fiction, videos and songs and poetry. As well as broadening their knowledge, this allows children to make links in their learning, support child-led enquiry and embed high-level comprehension skills whilst building greater independence. The resources used to teach reading are carefully matched to the curriculum and to the needs of the readers ensuring a breath of genres and topics are covered.
Having engaging and challenging core texts is one of the ways we encourage our pupils to develop a love of literature and to read for enjoyment. Evidence from research shows that ensuring our children develop all the skills of language is essential to unlocking access to the rest of the curriculum. Therefore, opportunities to read and write are embedded across the curriculum. This approach also expands our children’s knowledge of the world in which we live. When children encounter words in their reading that they would rarely hear or use in everyday speech, we can systematically teach our children new vocabulary. Therefore, rich and lively vocabulary instruction is an essential component of all our reading lessons. We know that by explicitly teaching vocabulary, we will encourage students to become interested and enthusiastic about words, keen to explore relationships among words and use them in a way that they come to ‘own’ the words.
Our approach focuses on further developing the pupils’ competencies and confidence in word reading and comprehension. Building on their early reading learning, we continue to teach our children to decode unfamiliar words and increase the number of words they can read on sight. Throughout Key stage 2, increased emphasis is placed upon developing each child’s reading skills – their ability to understand vocabulary, infer, predict, explain, retrieve and summarise.
The individual reading spines for years 3 to 6 are currently being reviewed and will be included in this document in the Spring Term 2022.
Our Book Study Spine
Our Freshfield Book Study Spine comprises a carefully-selected collection of set texts which we commit to reading aloud to children in each year group. We believe that all children have an entitlement to hearing adults read engaging and challenging texts – often beyond the reach of independent reading for children in that year group. The Book Study spine has been purposely planned to be a spiral reading curriculum, meaning that the books read link to the next year groups topics, therefore allowing for a pre-teach/expansion of understanding of a History, Geography or Science unit in a subsequent year group. We have selected texts that are representative and diverse in both their characters and their author backgrounds so that the books can act as both a mirror in which the children see themselves reflected and a window to the wider world. Our selection of texts is regularly reviewed to ensure our offer reflects the very best of current children’s literature.
Freshfield Primary School – Book Study by Year Group
Our writing curriculum helps develop children’s competencies in two key areas- transcription (spelling and handwriting) and composition (articulating ideas and structuring them in speech and writing). Carefully planned, regular writing opportunities are planned for using class texts or cross-curricular learning as an engaging stimulus. Each week our children write at length for a range of real purposes and audiences. The pupils are taught how to plan their writing by exploring and collecting ideas, drafting and re-reading their writing as it flows. Within these skills at the heart of developing our writers, we follow a cycle of reading to writing:
Immersion – immersion in vehicle text, reading lessons (VIPERS), enjoy, explore and respond
Analyse - understand plot/structure, discussing and investigating the features of the genre and generating ideas for writing, grammar, knowledge for the writer
Plan - organising and planning their own writing
Write - editing and improving with support from their teacher and peers. Reflecting on their improvement comments and finally redrafting and sometimes publishing their work.
The individual writing roadmaps for Years 3 to 6 are currently being reviewed and will be included in this document in the Spring Term 2022.
Punctuation, Grammar and Spelling
The teaching of spelling, punctuation and grammar is embedded within reading and writing lessons so that children learn these skills and use them in context. Explicit knowledge of grammar and punctuation is important to enable the pupils to have a more conscious control and choice of their language. Once the pupils are familiar with a grammatical concept or punctuation markings, our teachers encourage them to apply and explore this concept in their own speech and writing. We recognise that learning to spell can be tricky. In Key Stage 1, spelling is a focus of Phonics, which is taught using the Sounds Write. In Key Stage 2, children follow the Spelling Shed Spelling programme. Each week the pupils have a set of spellings to revise and practise at home. These spellings are linked to the spelling focus taught that week.
As a school, we know handwriting is a skill which affects written communication across the curriculum. Children must be able to write with ease, speed and legibility. Cursive handwriting teaches pupils to join letters and words as a series of flowing movements and patterns. In the Early Years, children take part in activities that develop their fine and gross motor skills and recognition of patterns, for example using one handed tools and developing a comfortable grip when making pre-writing marks. As children develop their fine motor skills, they begin to learn how to correctly hold a pencil. In Reception, they will begin to form recognisable letters most of which are correctly formed. They are given opportunities to develop their handwriting using a pre-cursive style, to their full potential at that age. Handwriting is taught in a multi-sensory way and as part of phonics sessions. If the children are ready, they will begin to join digraphs in the summer term.
In Key Stage One, children continue to develop their fine and gross motor skills and handwriting is linked with phonics sessions. The children begin to join digraphs and tricky words. They are taught upper- and lower-case letters correctly and use a comfortable and effective pencil grip. By the end of the key stage, children are able to write legibly, using a cursive style.