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Freshfield Primary School

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Freshfield Primary School

‘Committed to Excellence: we inspire, grow and thrive together.’


MATHEMATICS:             A high-quality mathematics education provides a foundation for

understanding the world, the ability to reason mathematically, an appreciation of the beauty and power of mathematics, and a sense of enjoyment and curiosity about the subject. (National Curriculum)


“Mathematics is, in its way, the poetry of logical ideas.” Albert Einstein


Our vision

At Freshfield we believe in the power of maths to change our children’s lives. Being a confident mathematician enables children to solve real-life problems. We are committed to equipping our pupils with the necessary knowledge and understanding to be good time-keepers, savvy shoppers and discerning citizens who question the figures put before them. As teachers who are passionate about maths, we want our children to know that the maths they learn inside and outside of the classroom has the potential to unlock doors in their futures as scientists, engineers and designers. We also believe that, like a love of literature, a love of maths – its patterns and its power –  is a fundamental right for all children.



How we teach maths

At Freshfield, we follow a mastery approach to teaching maths, meaning that we believe that all children can be successful mathematicians. Like all other subjects, maths is taught in mixed attainment groups so that all children contribute to and benefit from class discussions and receive both the support and challenge that they need.


In our Early Years, Maths experiences are implemented through planned purposeful play and through a mix of child-led and adult-initiated activities. As children grow over time and their development allows, the balance gradually shifts towards more adult-led activities to prepare them for more formal learning. Assessment of Maths is guided by the use of the Development Matters curriculum.


All children are exposed to concrete, pictorial and abstract representations of maths and use manipulatives like diennes, ten frames and place value counters to gain a deep understanding of the value of numbers, whilst learning how to represent them pictorially and calculate with them in ways that are more abstract.


Teachers plan for children to have opportunities to consolidate their understanding by offering Maths in real contexts, regular deliberate practice and by challenging them to work independently either through practical or online resources (e.g. Times Table Rock Stars).


Teachers use high-quality resources to build progression from year to year. For children who are accessing the National Curriculum, we utilise the White Rose scheme of work to carefully plan sequences of lessons. Teachers also use additional resources to provide further support, extensions and challenge. In Key Stage 1, we use the Primary Stars Education programme to plan engaging and interactive lessons that are rich in pupil talk and problem solving.


We also use the Primary Stars programme to plan engaging and interactive lessons rich in pupil talk and problem solving. Children see maths in real contexts on a daily basis and have the chance to work with their partner in each lesson, before consolidating their understanding with independent practice.


The National Curriculum sets out three areas of maths for children to master:


  1. Fluency
  2. Reasoning
  3. Problem solving


To find out more about the units of learning in each year group, take a look at our yearly overview and individual maths subject documents following the White Rose sequence at the bottom of this page.



All lessons involve a focus on being fluent mathematicians. Having key learning like bonds to 10 and times tables at their fingertips helps our children to work efficiently. Where less thinking time has to be given to calculating these basics, pupils are more able to reason and solve problems. Fluency practice is varied and engaging. Children may ‘beat the timer’ to recall key facts or use mini-white boards to complete a quick-fire round.



Alongside learning key number facts, children learn to reason about their maths. This involves partner talk and having to justify answers using mathematical vocabulary. Being able to say why an answer or method is correct or incorrect shows mastery of an area of maths. It also enables children to better notice and self-correct when they are not on track. Reasoning also involves pattern spotting and looking for rules and connections. Children are encouraged to look for patterns and links and wonder why. Questions and conjectures are celebrated and explored together to work towards a shared understanding. 


Problem Solving

Problem solving is an element in all units of maths. Children are given opportunities to apply calculation strategies to real-life problems. Discussion is a key element of problem solving; tackling a problem in different ways is celebrated. Children learn to think creatively and know that there is no ‘one correct way’ to represent or solve a problem. As mathematicians they must draw on all of their knowledge and skills to decide how best to get started and what to do if their first try does not work. Through problem solving children therefore develop flexible thinking and resilience: the problems are not supposed to feel easy to solve but they certainly feel satisfying when a solution is finally reached.


Ongoing assessment for learning

Assessment is woven into maths lessons so that teachers have a clear idea of what has been mastered and what each child’s next steps are. Planning is responsive – teachers plan to meet children’s gaps on a daily, weekly and termly basis. Children may complete a task to assess their fluency in a key skill (for example to be able to multiply and divide by 10). Consolidation activities are used to revisit learning from previous weeks or terms to ensure that learning is embedded over time.  End of block assessments are used to assess for mastery of a skill. All assessment is low-stakes and takes place as a normal part of the maths lesson routine.


Some of the assessment resources that we use across the school are:

  • Development Matters
  • B Squared
  • White Rose End of Block Assessments
  • NFER Assessments
  • End of Key Stage Assessments


How to help your child at home

Seeing maths as part of everyday life is a great way for children to see the relevance of their maths lessons. Some key ways to support your child are listed below:



Encouraging your child to learn to tell the time (on both digital and analogue clocks) provides them with an invaluable life skill. Discussing journey details and looking at bus and train timetables helps children to see the value of good time-keeping. Which train must they catch to be on time.



With the increase in contactless payment devices, our children are handling less and less real money. Knowing the values of coins and how much change they should expect when paying with cash will empower your child to feel confident budgeting and spending money. Estimating how much several items will cost by rounding their values will help children to stay in budget. If I only have £5.00 I can only buy five 99p lollies as 99p is nearly £1.00.



Cooking and baking is a hugely enjoyable way to get children confident estimating mass and volume. Feeling the mass of flour in a bag will give children a sense of what a kilogram means and make a connection between 500g and 0.5kg being half of this amount. Reading the volume of milk from a jug will help children to read scales. Mixing ingredients together is the beginning of understanding ratio and proportion in Upper KS2: if I need 200g of flour for 4 cupcakes, then I will need 400g for 8 cupcakes as both amounts have been doubled.


Shape, patterns and designs (geometry)

Shapes surround us and sometimes we don’t even notice. Spotting squares, triangles, rectangles and other polygons in real life can help to strengthen your child’s ability to identify shapes. Counting or calculating how many tiles are on a bathroom wall shows them how area is applied to real life. Measuring their own height in metres and centimetres and comparing it with your height will have them calculating the difference in a meaningful and motivating context: only 1.5m until I’m your height mum!


Number fluency

Underlying a real love of maths is a confidence in calculating fluently. When children are freed up by knowing their times tables or number bonds, they can spend more time spotting patterns and exploring. Some key areas of number fluency are:

  • knowing one more and one less than a number
    knowing times tables to 12×12 (by the end of Y4) including related facts e.g.
  • 4×6=24 6×4=24    24÷6=4     24÷4 =6
  • knowing number bonds to 10 (0-10, 1-9, 2-8, 3-7, 4-6, 5-5)
  • knowing time conversions: 1h = 60 minutes, ½ hour = 30 minutes, ¼ hour = 15 minutes, ¾ hour = 45 mins, 1 year = 365 days, 1 year = 12 months, 1 day = 24 hours, 1 hour = 60 minutes, 1 minute = 60 seconds
  • knowing measure conversions: 1kg = 1000g, 1l = 1000ml, 1m = 100cm, 1cm = 10mm
  • knowing equivalence in key fractions, decimals and percentages e.g. ½ = 0.5 = 50%, ¼ = 0.25 = 25%


Helping your child with maths

To see how you can help too, please have a look at the maths fundamental documents for each year group at the bottom of the page.


For children in the Early Years, staff provide regular updates and a ‘stay and play’ to support your child’s Maths learning at home, for more information about this please see your child’s latest termly overview.


For children accessing the National Curriculum, teachers provide a ‘Calculation Workshop’ to demonstrate the methods that your child will be learning to enable you to support their learning at home.



The Primary National Curriculum for Mathematics


Progression of Skills EYFS


For further information in relation to Nursery’s progression of skills, please click here:


For further information in relation to Reception’s progression of skills, please click here:


Progression of Skills (Y1-Y6)


For further information in relation to coverage in Years 1-6, please click here:

White Rose Maths Yearly Overview Y1-6


For further information in relation to progression of skills in Years 1-6, please click here:

White Rose Maths Progression of Skills